Hello readers and cichlid fans, as we still mourn the unexpected loss of Dr. Wayne Leibel, I have some big shoes to fill—at least temporarily! I hope our readers and their families are well as we again experience another surge in Covid 19. This is still not behind us! To make things worse weather issues with the recent Hurricane Ida and western wildfires has brought many to disaster as well. If you didn’t like the last two years’ adjustments to Covid, you’ll certainly not like the adjustments to life needed when climate change comes on stronger with each passing year. And that will certainly not end any time quickly even with emergency future lifestyle changes or adjustments! It's like the world is in the middle of a frozen lasagna in a 350 °F oven and we keep saying, “see, it’s not so bad”….Yet! Even if we turn off the oven now, it’s still going to get too hot inside the lasagna middle in no time.

Back to happier times! This issue we have some great material! First we have Dr. Anton Lamboj’s large “thesis” article on all the known Steatocranus or buffalohead species from Congo. Did you know that there are now at least 14 different species of these interesting current-loving cichlids? Next Patrick Tawil, our French connection, writes about the Copadichromis “no spot” species from the east side of Lake Malawi. He believes it is closely related or even just a subspecies of Copadichromis parvus; and what about C. cyanocephalus? Which species is which and when does one species’ range start and another species’ area begin? Good question… Then Dr. Wolfgang Staeck writes about a beautiful large pike cichlid Crenicichla marmorata with some great underwater observations and photos from their natural habitat. Then Pam Chin takes us swimming in Lake Tanganyika with her 4th installment. This time in the Cape Kachese area of Zambia, in search of Petrochromis trewavasae; it’s like bird watching underwater! Last, Ad presents the two species of Enantiopus, E. melanogenys and E. sp. ‘kilesa’, with some insightful information on these two gems. Is E. sp. ‘kilesa’ a species created by natural hybridization between Xenotilapia ochrogenys and E. melanogenys on a small strip of coast in the Congo? Is Enantiopus a part of Xenotilapia?

Well, that’s the lineup this time. Remember the OCA Extravaganza is on this year—live and in person! Remember, there is still time to get your Covid vaccination beforehand. Enjoy!

Laif DeMason, Editor

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